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There Are 7 Common Types Of Stalls...How Many Have You Practiced?

Do you remember the 7 most common types of stalls? When was the last time you practice recovering from these maneuvers?

1) Departure Stalls (Power-On): Takeoff, Climb, and Clean Configurations

Power-on stalls mimic departure configurations throughout takeoff and climb. With the close to full engine power (at least 65% per the ACS), you'll pitch up higher than a power-off stall before you reach the critical angle-of-attack.


2) Arrival Stalls (Power-Off): Landing and Clean Configurations

Power-off stalls mimic descent, approach, and landing, with engine power at idle. Recovery practice should emphasize minimal loss of altitude due to these kinds of stalls occurring close to the ground during approach.

3) Secondary Stall

A secondary stall is simply a botched stall recovery. It happens when your angle of attack is too great, and your plane isn't ready for stall recovery. Slightly lower the nose and continue adding power before resuming your stall recovery.

Ian Kirk

4) Accelerated Stall

As load factor increases, so does stall speed. Accelerated stalls happen during steep turns or sharp pitch attitudes, where the airplane is placed into an unusually high angle of attack. Remember that your plane can stall at any speed, and at any pitch attitude, as long as it's exceed the critical angle of attack.

5) Cross-Controlled Stall

A cross-controlled stall simulates a base to final skidding turn, where pilots may apply aileron in one direction and rudder in the other direction. This can happen when pilots overshoot final and attempt to correct improperly. There is little warning once a stall does occur before loss of control effectiveness.

6) Elevator Trim Stall

When a pilot adds too much nose up pitch trim during approach, they're setting themselves up for an elevator trim stall. If the airplane is trimmed to fly itself all the way to the runway and maximum power is suddenly added during a go-around, the nose can pitch up rapidly. You'll need to use substantial forward pressure on the yoke as you retrim to prevent the stall.

7) "Falling Leaf" Stall

The "falling leaf" maneuver is a series of full stalls where you never release back pressure. During the maneuver, your plane looks like a leaf slowly rolling and falling. It's a great way to get students more comfortable with the stall characteristics of their airplane.

When was the last time you practiced these stalls? Tell us in the comments below.

Swayne Martin

Swayne is an editor at Boldmethod, certified flight instructor, and an Embraer 145 First Officer for a regional airline. He graduated as an aviation major from the University of North Dakota in 2018, holds a PIC Type Rating for Cessna Citation Jets (CE-525), and is a former pilot for Mokulele Airlines. He's the author of articles, quizzes and lists on Boldmethod every week. You can reach Swayne at, and follow his flying adventures on his YouTube Channel.

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