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8 Jet Fuels You'd Love To Burn

Love the smell of jet fuel in the morning? Here are eight jet fuels that will wake you up.


1) Jet A/A-1

jet-a Deni Williams

Jet A's a commercial kerosene based jet fuel used exclusively in the United States. Jet A-1 is used internationally, and is nearly identical to Jet A; however, Jet A-1 has a lower freezing point and mandatory anti-static additive to prevent sparking. Both fuels can also be used in diesel ramp equipment.

2) Jet B

jet-b Aero Icarus / Flickr

Jet B is similar to Jet A and sometimes called "wide-cut fuel." It's a blend of kerosene and gasoline used in extreme cold temperatures. Jet-B's lighter than Jet A/A-1, making it more dangerous to handle, but it has a very low freezing point (-60C).

3) JP-1

jp-1 Wikimedia

"JP" stands for "Jet Propellant." Specified in 1944, JP-1 was a pure kerosene fuel with a very high flash point. Codename: avtur

4) JP-4

jp-4 North Dakota Air Guard

Specified in 1951, JP-4 was a 50/50 blend of kerosene and gasoline. Its low flash point made it hazardous to handle, and the Air Force transitioned to JP-8 in 1996. Codename: avtag

5) JP-7

jp-7 mashleymorgan / Flickr

JP-7 was developed for the Pratt & Whitney J58 turbojet/ramjet that powered the SR-71 Blackbird - which needed special fuel with a very high flash point due to the high aircraft skin temperatures. It was said you could drop a lit match in a barrel of JP-7 and it wouldn't ignite.

6) JP-8

jp-8 MCAS Cherry Point
jp-8v2 USAF

JP-8 is a kerosene based jet fuel, similar to commercial Jet A. It replaced JP-4 in 1996 and powers more than jets - it's used instead of diesel fuel in heaters, stoves and tanks.

7) JPTS

jpts James Gordon / Flickr

JPTS, or "Jet Propellant Thermally Stable" is a highly stable, high altitude fuel developed in 1956 specifically for the Lockheed U-2. It's only made at two refineries in the US - and costs 3 times more than JP-8.

8) Fischer-Tropsch (FT)

FT USAF

Fischer-Tropsch (FT) Synthetic Blend is a synthesized kerosene fuel made from natural gas, coal or biomass. The Air Force introduced the blend to reduce dependance on foreign oil. In 1996, a B-52 took off from Edwards AFB using a 50/50 blend of JP-8 and FT fuel. Now, the B1-B, B-52H, C-17, C-130J, F-15, F-22 and T-38 are certified to use the blend.


Aleks Udris

Aleks is a Boldmethod co-founder and technical director. He's worked in safety and operations in the airline industry, and was a flight instructor and course manager for the University of North Dakota. You can reach him at aleks@boldmethod.com.

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