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Because nobody wants one...
It's something that air traffic controllers require during read back of a taxi clearance. They need to verify that you understood their instructions.
When you get a taxi clearance, trace out the taxi route on an airport diagram so you can visually see the path you'll take to get to the runway.
If you are unsure of your location at any point during the taxi, slow down and look at markings and signs to see where you are located. If you still aren't sure, let ATC know, and they will give you progressive taxi instructions.
While you taxi, be on a constant lookout for runway hold short signs that may be along your route. If you come across one that you weren't expecting or cleared to cross, then you might be taxiing the wrong way. Stop and ask ATC for help.
When you taxi onto the runway, whether you're at a towered or pilot-controlled field, verify that your heading indicator matches up with the runway heading. If you plan to take off on runway 36 and your heading indicator says 180, you're not where you're suppose to be.
This might seem like common sense, but at pilot-controlled fields, make sure you announce your intentions. Letting traffic know that you are "taking the runway" while giving them a heads up of your intentions lets them know where to be looking for you.
Especially at night, when crossing runways, remember to turn on all of your lights so other traffic can see your movement across the runway.
You might be eager to get airborne, but make sure to slow down your taxi. The faster you go, the less reaction time you have.
If you're on short final and see an aircraft taxi onto the runway, go around! Don't wait until the last minute. It's better to be safe than sorry.
Keep distractions to a minimum in critical phases of flight, especially during taxi. Make sure to keep your eyes outside and avoid things that require your vision to be transitioned inside the cockpit. If you need to change a frequency or adjust your kneeboard, it can usually wait until you're stopped.
What other advice do you have to avoid runway incursions? Tell us in the comments below.
Corey is a commercial aviation student and commercial pilot with multi-engine and instrument ratings who attends the John D. Odegard School of Aerospace Sciences at the University of North Dakota. He has been flying since his junior year of high school and has since started his flight instructing training. You can reach him at firstname.lastname@example.org.